Monkeypox: Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

visual examples of monkeypox rash

What’s monkeypox?

Monkeypox is a uncommon illness brought on by an infection with the monkeypox virus. The monkeypox virus is a part of the identical household of viruses because the variola virus, the virus that causes smallpox. Monkeypox signs are much like smallpox signs, however are usually milder.

How does monkeypox unfold?

Monkeypox can unfold to anybody by shut, private contact, together with:

  • Direct contact with monkeypox rash, scabs, or physique fluids from an individual with monkeypox.
  • Touching objects, materials (clothes, bedding, or towels), and surfaces which have been utilized by somebody with monkeypox.
  • Contact with respiratory secretions (mucus) of somebody with monkeypox.

What are the signs of monkeypox?

Signs of monkeypox are much like the flu, and might embrace:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Feeling very drained
  • Respiratory signs (like sore throat, nasal congestion or cough)
  • Rash (can appear like pimples or blisters, and could also be painful or itchy)

Visible examples of monkeypox rash

visual examples of monkeypox rash

Are some individuals at greater threat for contracting monkeypox?

The Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention alerted homosexual and bisexual males that monkeypox seems to be spreading locally globally, warning individuals to take precautions if they’ve been in shut contact with somebody who could have the virus and to be looking out for signs. Individuals who have lately traveled to areas with monkeypox circumstances are additionally at greater threat for contracting monkeypox, based mostly on current information. Transgender individuals and gender-diverse individuals may be extra weak. Nonetheless, anybody can get monkeypox. The virus doesn’t discriminate towards any group.

What ought to I do if I believe I’ve monkeypox?

Anybody with signs of monkeypox ought to contact a well being care supplier as quickly as potential. Keep away from shut contact with others. Put on a masks, cowl any sores and let the supplier know earlier than you arrive for care. Some suppliers supply testing for individuals who have signs of monkeypox. Your supplier could prescribe you antiviral therapy that will help you recuperate.

When do monkeypox signs seem?

Monkeypox signs often begin inside 3 weeks of publicity to the virus. If somebody has flu-like signs, they may often develop a rash 1-4 days later.

How lengthy is somebody with monkeypox contagious?

Monkeypox can unfold from the time signs begin till the rash has healed, all scabs have fallen off, and a recent layer of pores and skin has shaped. The sickness often lasts 2-4 weeks.

When ought to somebody be examined for monkeypox?

Individuals who get a brand new pimple or blister-like rash, are inside 21 days of the beginning of signs and:

  • Have been involved with somebody with an identical rash or who obtained a analysis of monkeypox OR
  • Had shut contact with individuals in a social community experiencing monkeypox exercise OR
  • Traveled exterior the U.S. to a rustic with confirmed circumstances of monkeypox OR
  • Had contact with a useless or stay wild animal or unique pet from Africa or used a product that got here from such animals (comparable to, sport meat, lotions, lotions, powders, and many others.)

If I get examined for monkeypox, what ought to I do whereas I look forward to outcomes?

If you happen to have been examined due to signs or an publicity to somebody with monkeypox, you need to keep in your house whilst you wait on your outcomes, except there’s an emergency or follow-up medical care is important.

If I take a look at optimistic for monkeypox, how lengthy do I’ve to avoid different individuals (isolate)?

If you happen to take a look at optimistic for monkeypox, then you should isolate till your rash has totally healed, your scabs have fallen off, a recent layer of wholesome pores and skin has shaped, and state or native public well being officers have stated you may cease isolating. Reschedule non-emergency medical appointments, comparable to dental cleanings and preventative care (like annual physicals), for after your isolation has ended.

If I am going to the emergency division or different well being care setting, do I’ve to allow them to know that I’ve been uncovered to somebody with monkeypox?

If you happen to get ANY medical care, inform the well being care supplier you may need been uncovered to somebody with monkeypox earlier than you arrive. This can assist be certain that the medical workers can shield themselves and others. Placed on a masks earlier than you enter a well being care facility and preserve it on throughout your total keep.

Can I am going to work or college if I’ve been identified with monkeypox?

Don’t go to work or college. Keep away from all public locations.

Can I’ve guests if I’ve been identified with monkeypox?

Buddies, members of the family, and others mustn’t go to you, except they’ve to come back to your private home for an emergency.

What do I do if I’ve to go away the home throughout my isolation interval?

Be certain that your rash and sores are totally lined (utilizing long-sleeved shirts, pants or bandages) earlier than leaving dwelling. Put on a masks that covers your nostril and mouth and preserve it on always.  Use hand sanitizer.

How do I restrict the unfold of monkeypox?

Keep away from contact with different individuals and animals. This consists of hugging, cuddling, kissing and sexual exercise. Keep away from shared areas (like residing rooms, kitchens, and many others.). If this isn’t potential, keep away from utilizing shared areas similtaneously different individuals.

Be sure to clear any surfaces you might have touched if you find yourself achieved utilizing the shared house and keep away from storing any private objects within the shared house. At all times wash your arms after utilizing the lavatory, after touching sores or bandages, after dealing with laundry, and earlier than and after placing on gloves.

If I’ve monkeypox, are there methods individuals in my dwelling can shield me and others?

Private protecting gear (PPE) comparable to masks and gloves might help shield you and others in your house, together with your pets. Put on a well-fitting face masks if you find yourself round different individuals or pets. A surgical masks or respirator masks (like a KN95) work finest.

Different individuals in your house also needs to put on a well-fitting face masks in the event that they must be round you. Be certain that your masks covers each your nostril and mouth. There shouldn’t be any gaps letting air out between your face and the sides of the masks.

If I’ve monkeypox, are there different issues I must do to stop unfold?

Put on disposable gloves when touching your rash, sores, blisters, bandages or soiled laundry. Throw away the gloves instantly after utilizing them and wash your arms. When you have touched your rash or sores with gloves on, watch out to not contact anything with the identical gloves.

How do I do away with gloves or bandages which have had contact with the monkeypox rash?

Individuals and animals might be uncovered to monkeypox by trash. This consists of staff managing waste in landfills. You will need to throw away your trash safely. Put dirty objects comparable to bandages or gloves in a big zip-lock bag. Make sure to seal the bag earlier than you throw it away.

  • Watch out to not contact the skin of the bag along with your sores or rashes. You may put the bag inside a second bag for protected storage.
  • Wash your arms instantly after touching the bag, sores or contaminated objects.
  • Retailer bagged waste in a protected place away from different individuals or pets.

 Do I’ve to do particular home cleansing if I’m identified with monkeypox?

  • Clear surfaces in generally used areas usually. Clear any surfaces you contact as quickly as potential.
  • Clear shared areas after every use and earlier than one other particular person makes use of them.
  • Clear generally touched objects comparable to distant controls, gentle switches, handles, doorknobs and toilet handles.
  • Cowl upholstered furnishings, carpets and mattresses that may’t be simply cleaned, or keep away from utilizing them. You may cowl these things with sheets, towels or different materials. If you happen to cowl them, be certain that different individuals and pets within the dwelling don’t contact the coverings. Rigorously take away the overlaying after use, folding it slowly. Comprise and wash the overlaying individually from different individuals’s laundry.
  • Wash consuming utensils and dishes instantly after every use. Use cleaning soap and heat water or run them by the dishwasher. They’re protected for use by others after being washed.
  • Retailer your used laundry and wash it individually. Don’t let anybody else deal with or wash your laundry.
    • Wash your laundry individually from different individuals’s garments.
    • Use a separate plastic container (e.g., hamper) or bag to retailer used laundry.
    • Put on gloves when dealing with soiled laundry.
    • Don’t shake your soiled laundry. This will unfold particles of the virus within the air.
    • Wash laundry with heat water and your common laundry detergent.
    • Clear surfaces within the laundry room instantly after use, utilizing a cleansing product comparable to bleach or Lysol. Make sure to clear washer and dryer management panels and knobs.
  • Dry dusting, sweeping or vacuuming surfaces contaminated with monkeypox could unfold particles of the virus within the air and ought to be prevented every time potential. Moist cleansing strategies are most popular comparable to disinfectant wipes, sprays, and mopping. Comply with the label directions of disinfectant to comprise and kill the virus.
  • Vacuuming is OK when utilizing a vacuum with a high-efficiency air filter. If one is just not obtainable, be certain that the particular person vacuuming wears a well-fitting masks or respirator.
  • When you have immediately touched upholstered furnishings, carpets and mattresses, steam clear them if potential. You may as well use a surface-appropriate disinfectant if the contact is minimal.

What do I do if I’m identified with monkeypox and have pets?

Animals, together with your pets, might be contaminated with monkeypox.

  • If you happen to HAVE NOT had any shut contact along with your pet since you bought sick, ask mates or members of the family who stay in a separate dwelling to maintain your pet till you totally recuperate. Shut contact consists of petting, cuddling, hugging, kissing, licking, sharing a mattress and sharing meals.
  • If you happen to DID have shut contact along with your pet after your signs started, preserve your pet at dwelling and away from individuals and different animals for 21 days after your most up-to-date contact with them.
    • Keep away from petting, cuddling, hugging or kissing your pet. Don’t let your pet lick you.
    • Don’t let animals are available in contact with rashes, sores, physique fluids or contaminated bandages.
  • Every time potential, have one other family member care on your pets. If you happen to should care on your pet:
    • Put on a well-fitting face masks that covers your nostril and mouth.
    • Put on gloves when touching your pet or dealing with their meals, containers or bedding.
    • Wash your arms earlier than and after you contact your pet (and earlier than and after placing on gloves and taking them off).
    • Keep away from sharing areas along with your pets. Be certain that your pets can’t get to objects you might have lately touched, comparable to clothes, sheets, towels and blankets.
    • Watch animals for indicators of sickness together with tiredness, lack of urge for food, coughing, fluid coming from their nostril, bloating, fever, and a pimple- or blister-like pores and skin rash.
    • In case your pet appears sick, name your veterinarian, the state public well being veterinarian (303.692.2700), or the state veterinarian (303.869.9130). Name 303.692.2700 should you want extra assist.

Is there therapy for monkeypox?

Most individuals will get higher on their very own with out therapy. Therapy is out there by the CDC for sure sufferers. In case you are identified with monkeypox and you’re in one of many classes under, your supplier could suggest treating you should you:

  • Have extreme illness requiring hospitalization or problems comparable to an an infection of the pores and skin lesions, extreme nausea, vomiting or diarrhea, or pneumonia.
  • Have involvement of the eyes or mouth.
  • Have pre-existing pores and skin situations.
  • Are immunocompromised.
  • Are youthful than 8 years previous.
  • Are pregnant or breastfeeding.

What can I do if I’ve been advised that I’ve been uncovered to somebody with suspected or confirmed monkeypox?

The well being division could contact you in case you have been uncovered to somebody with confirmed monkeypox and can ask you questions associated to your contact with this particular person. In some circumstances, you could be provided a vaccine that may forestall the an infection from occurring. This should happen inside 14 days of being uncovered.